We apologize for the delay in posting part 2, this week was a bit busy. Remember, part 2 is subject to the same popular vote in the polls below just as the previous weeks. Also, Part 1 will be taken into account when it comes to the final top three rankings! Here is part 2:
-Make a top 10 list of items to have in your car for winter. Bonus points for explanations on why they are on the list.
-Make a top 10 list of items to have if you are going to survive/hike/camp etc. out in the winter. Bonus points for explanations on why they are on the list.
-Make a list of 20 helpful tips or tricks for winter survival situations.
Ten Items That I Would Have in My Car for winter
- A Knife. Knifes are one of the most versatile tools in any situation. Knives can make fire, defend oneself, make various repairs, and obtain food. Depending on the knife the blade can also be used to signal via reflection, carve messages into trees or other items, or just simply cut things and carve items into spears that can be used for various tasks.
- A waterproof Lighter. The reason behind this is well pretty straight forward, but they can be used to, Start Fires, or be used as a temporary light source which last longer than lighting individual matches and is also safer.
- A Waterproof Down Sleeping Bag. The reason behind this one is well in case of being stuck in car over night or other cold air circumstances in order to stay warm. Down is the best insulator, better than any man made or other insulator.
- An Engineering Compass. The compass for navigational purposes. The Engineering compass specifically because it is easy to point out objects in travel in a straight direction.
- A Colt .45 Handgun. Assuming that I am 21, have a concealed weapons license, and am in a state that allows me to carry a gun with a permit I will have this item fully loaded (the standard carry size of a .45 is eight billets) either on my person or in my glove box. A gun is useful to protect myself, others, or scare of predators. It Can also be used to hunt in the case of long term survival situation.
- Extra .45 ammo. Eight shots are more than enough for most circumstances but in extreme cases the extra ammo may be very helpful. You can also dismantle the ammunition and use the powder to light a fire with only a spark.
- A water filter. A water filter is the most vital of all items because you can survive up to three to four weeks without food. But after only a few days you will die of dehydration. And drinking unpurified water is more likely to dehydrate you faster than not drinking.
- A high energy food brick. Being well energized helps you stay alert of your surroundings, and also aids in keeping your mind clear so you can make smart decisions.
- A power bank and charging cord for my phone. If my phone dies and I need to call for help, well I am out of luck but with this item I will be able to charge my phone in case of needing to make a call.
- And last a Bible. The Bible is Gods Holy Word and in any situation Gods Word always offers insight and guidance to a situation.
My Top Ten Items for Hiking/Backpacking are all the same except for the power bank which I would replace with a Box of trapping supplies, and the gun and ammo which I would replace with A tent and tarp. The explanation’s behind these are,
- Trapping supplies. These can be used to obtain food in the form of animals which is high in protein.
- If I am backpacking I will need a place to sleep to protect me from the elements so my trusty backpacking tent is the one for me.
- A tarp. The tarp is more of a protective measure for the tent to keep the bottom from getting cut and also helping keep water from entering the tent. I chose this in place of the .45 handgun because guns are heavy and I usually travel with groups which give me and other an advantage over predators.
20 useful tips or tricks in a survival situation
- Use your head. Common sense is your Ally use it.
- Stay calm. A great majority of deaths in survival situations are caused by panicking.
- If possible travel in a group solitude is destructive.
- Trust those around you if you don’t, make yourself get on common ground but know when someone is harmful to the team and make countermeasures in order to keep the integrity of the team.
- Find safe water such as springs of a way to purify the water if none of the previous options are available perform an edibility test by first placing small amounts on skin wait 5 minutes, then lips wait 5 minutes, then place on tongue and wait five minutes, Then place about a quarter cup of water in mouth and swish but do not swallow wait 20 minutes, next swallow a quarter cup wait 5 to 8 hours, then drink one cup of water wait 5 to 8 hours, Next ingest a large amount of the water and wait 5 to 8 hours. If any irritation, rashes, tingling sensation, vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, or light headedness appear at any of the stages stop immediately and deem the water unsafe. This is an abbreviated version of the universal edibility test.
- Stay well fed and hydrated
- When foraging for plant only eat if you are sure the plant is safe and never eat fungus or plants that have an almond like taste
- If you are surrounded by plant you don’t know whether or not there safe perform the universal edibility test replacing the swishing with ingesting a small amount and keeping the same proportions and quantity’s
- Pray, prayer odes matter God will help you if you only ask.
- Find shelter from the element if there isn’t one make one
- Create a fire it will help with warding of predators.
- Get a walking stick it can be used to support you and defend yourself
- Always be aware of your surroundings
- Always clean any wounds no matter how small they are because they can get infected like any other wound
- Use all your senses haste makes waste
- Improvise plan for the worst
- Extra set of warm clothing: To stay warm and dry.
- Pocket knife or multi-tool.
- Box of waterproof matches. Fire starter.
- Wool blanket.
- Aluminum Cup: Noise maker, water container, cooking use.
- Road Flare: Fire starter, light source, signal flare, bear defense, etc.
- First aid kit: In case you’re injured in a possible crash.
- High energy food bars: Keep energy levels up.
- Snow Shovel: Dig car out of snow drift, defense, shelter aid.
This is in addition to normal car and personal items: cell phone, road map, jumper cables, etc.
- Pocket knife or multi-tool.
- Box of waterproof matches: Fire starter.
- Aluminum Cup: Noise maker, water container, cooking use.
- Rope. Use for shelter, many other random uses.
- Tarp: Use for a dry shelter.
- Extra set of warm clothing: To stay warm and dry.
- Map of the area.
- Light backpack: Can’t physically hold everything without it, random other uses.
- Be prepared.
- Always have a buddy with you.
- Dress for the weather.
- Don’t panic!
- Always let someone know where you’re going, and when you plan on getting there.
- Know your area and surroundings.
- Learn about the wild life and plants in the area. (Are they dangerous, poisonous, or edible?)
- Keep a survival pack with you in your car.
- Always stay warm and dry.
- Know how to use your gear.
- Watch out for thin ice.
- Drink lots of water to stay hydrated.
- Stay put if you can; let rescuers come to you.
- Don’t hike at night.
- Don’t feed the bears!
- Use the snow to your advantage: build an igloo, water source, etc.
- Keep everything simple; the point is to survive, not to be a hero.
- Stay clear of avalanches.
- Learn how to be resourceful, use what you have with you and your surroundings.
- Offer to have your great aunt stay at your place next time!
(1) Ten Items for Your Car in Winter
1. Good windshield scraper with brush. This is one of the basic tools for any car in winter, for clear windshields (also headlights, tail lights, and external mirrors). This enables safe driving. If desperate, it can also be used as a tool or weapon in defense.
2. Shovel. This is necessary to dig your car out or free a tire, and you can help others stranded in snow or ice. It also serves other purposes, including as a weapon for defense, and can be a crude knife or hatchet when absolutely necessary.
3. Jumper cables, especially the new self-contained jumper unit (no need to use another car’s battery) that includes other features like chargers. This is necessary to start a car when the cold depletes its battery, or to help other motorists in that situation, or to charge other devices. Depending on the cables, in desperation they could also be used for temporary “rope” and could definitely be used as a fire starter.
4. Flares. For safety on the road, to warn oncoming motorists. In a desperate situation, these can also be used for light and as fire starters.
5. Sand bags and/or rock salt bags. Put in the trunk of the car over each back tire for added traction on slick roads, and when the car is stuck you can pour the contents under the tires for more traction so the vehicle can drive out of the obstacle and back onto the road. Salt will also melt ice in case that becomes necessary.
6. Mobile phone, with charger and GPS app. Communication and direction are absolutely vital.
7. Rope or chain. These serve many purposes, but one of the most useful for car winter preparation is pulling a car out of a ditch. If a passerby offers assistance, the rope or chain would tie your disabled car to the back of the moving vehicle, which can tow you out. Or, you can help a stranded motorist in the same situation if you have a rope or chain.
8. Basic First Aid Kit, including emergency hand warmer packets. A good first aid kit is always useful, but in the winter there are additional risks, including frost bite and sometimes a higher risk of cutting your fingers or hand in the cold yet not feeling it immediately due to the numbing effect of the cold. Since your hands are too cold, you cannot feel things the same way and you are more susceptible to hand damage.
9. Basic Road Repair Tool Kit. It’s bad enough to be stranded on the side of the road for a simple issue that you could repair in 20 minutes with the right tools, but especially in the winter this becomes discouraging. Time works against you in the cold elements, so you want to be stranded as briefly as possible. It’s also nice to keep a knife or multi-tool in the kit.
10. Bright or Reflective Warm Wrap Bundle: extra hats, gloves, and socks wrapped in a warm blanket. The obvious benefit is warmth. Warmth is a very high priority in a winter survival situation. These have other creative uses too depending on the situation, but their value for warmth is the highest and best use. It’s best to use wool for warmth, comfort, and wicking.
11. Why not food and water in the top ten? YES, these would be excellent any time, but if your real focus is COMMON CAR WINTER NEEDS, the typical goal is to assure safe driving or to get back on the road, and even if you need to abandon the car you will typically not be on foot so long that you will truly require food to survive. Anyone can survive a day without food, but no one can drive a car safely with an iced-over, snow-covered windshield, or get a car out of an icy ditch without help, or wait in a car for hours in freezing weather without warm items like blankets. You can always throw a quick, small snack in the first aid kit, and you can always ingest snow for water if you need it (in small quantities over time to prevent lowering body core temperature).
(2) Ten Items for Winter Hiking / Camping / Surviving
1. Backpack. Convenient way to store and carry everything needed. Serves other purposes too.
2. Bright or Reflective Warm Wrap Bundle, for warmth and as described above. Include hats, gloves, socks wrapped in a blanket. Also for a way to dry and rewarm after getting too wet and cold.
3. Small Camping Shovel, for many uses, including reasons listed above. Useful for digging, building fire pits, building snow shelters, and as a weapon for defense. Can serve as a crude knife or hatchet too in certain circumstances.
4. Sturdy Walking Stick, to help navigate through snowy or otherwise difficult terrain, and for other uses such as a pole to reach others and help pull them up hill, as a pole to measure the depth of snow or water, as a pole to hang wet clothes on, or as a weapon for defense.
5. Mobile Phone, with GPS, for communication and direction. These are extremely important.
6. Fire starters, to start fires. Fires are essential for warmth, light, signaling, safety, and morale.
7. Basic First Aid Kit, with emergency hand warmer packets, for medical needs. Also, see above.
8. Metal Cup, for drinking, melting snow in to water, signaling by light reflection. Store the First Aid Kit in the cup, to conserve space.
9. Meal Bars and small candy snacks, like M&Ms, for temporary nutrition and warmth. Sugar will raise body temperature slightly and give a short boost of energy which may be required to overcome an immediate obstacle, plus protein and carbs will provide sustained energy. Not much food is actually needed, but perhaps a couple bars and a handful of M&Ms in your pack should be plenty for normal survival emergencies.
10. An extra-large, extra heavy black plastic bag, for numerous purposes. You can segregate all wet items into the bag to keep yourself and everything else dry. You can alternatively use it for dry storage to prevent certain items from becoming wet. You can use it as a small tarp for personal protection against wetness or as a wind-break or even to help build a small emergency shelter. In extreme cold, if you wear a heavy black plastic bag over your hat and coat like a huge hoodie-poncho, cutting a small hole for eyes and one for nose/mouth, a very significant amount of heat will build up quickly and you will definitely become warm. But be mindful of suffocation and mobility. This is a desperate measure for heat, but it works well.
(3) Twenty Helpful Tips for Winter Survival
1. Observe the weather and check forecasts so you can avoid travel during extreme cold and snow or ice storms. Check conditions where you intend to go to determine if it is reasonable and safe.
2. Always be prepared to be out in the cold much longer than expected. Dress warmly and carry supplies with you (such as listed above). Minimize skin exposure to the cold.
3. Dress in layers for warmth but also for flexibility if conditions change. Remain as warm as possible without sweating too much, as any moisture can lead to chills and worse. Remove or rotate layers to remain dry, and if possible wear a wicking material closest to the skin.
4. Let someone know where you are going, by which route you will travel, and when you expect to arrive. As with these other tips, this applies to vehicles and hiking or camping.
5. If driving, never speed on icy roads, and if you begin to slide do not overreact and do not oversteer. Remove your foot from the gas and steer deliberately into and out of the slide, barely touching the brakes (if at all), until you can regain traction.
6. Because it gets dark sooner in the winter, and it takes more energy to remain warm, plan to stop, or build a fire, or set up camp, sooner than later.
7. Use a wide-mouthed water bottle to prevent the water freezing in a narrow neck or squeeze opening of many other bottles. This also allows you to remove the top and break the ice for water. Alternatively, you could use a cup and make water from snow.
8. If you need to resort to generating water from snow, try your best to boil it first for warmth and purification. If you cannot boil the water, at least allow the snow to melt and do what you can to warm it, even slightly, before drinking. This prevents lowering body temperature as you drink very cold water.
9. Avoid walking on ice, and especially avoid walking on ice over water (ponds, etc.). This is just asking for trouble.
10. If you are going to be in the cold for an extended time, you will need more food than normal. You can definitely survive without food for a while, but being in the cold requires more calories, so pack condensed calorie foods like meal bars.
11. Always wear a good hat in the cold, as most body heat escapes from the head. The hat will keep you more comfortable and also preserve some critical body core heat.
12. Protect extremities by covering them warmly. Wear gloves for hands, muffs or hat for ears, and wool socks for toes. Good shoes or boots are necessary as well for further foot protection and traction. Also, wearing a warm hat on the head actually helps the extremities stay warm too, since again most body heat escapes through the head. Bring extra gloves and socks too.
13. Carry multiple fire starters – at least three different methods of starting fires, plus tinder. You should pack them in sealed plastic bags in your pack to keep them dry. You will always have need for a fire in winter survival, for warmth, light, signaling, and morale.
14. If you’re really in a serious winter survival situation, you will need snow shoes or be able to make snow shoes out of sticks and twine. Distributing the weight of each step helps prevent post-holing (stepping all the way straight up and down in knee deep snow rather than walking on top of the snow) which will wear you out and slow you down. You will need to bring twine in your backpack for this purpose and be at least moderately proficient at basic lashing.
15. If you are hiking, carry your shelter with you in your pack even if you do not intend to stay the night. If conditions worsen, then you are ready to survive the night. A small tent is obviously good, but two large tarps can work very well too.
16. Communication is always important, so have a fully charged mobile phone with you at all times and store it in a dry but accessible way. However, you often cannot count on phones so it is wise to be able to visually signal for help if necessary. In addition to fire starters, you can pack light reflectors and even a flare if you prefer, but keep them dry.
17. Wear sunglasses in the snow to shield your eyes from the glare, called snow blindness. This can actually lead to cornea injury. Sunglasses serve the dual purpose of shielding eyes from blowing wind, snow, and ice.
18. Stay active but do not over-exert. Being active produces body heat, improves morale, and can be productive, but excessive exertion can lead to exhaustion or even a heart attack. Work or walk steadily, not frantically.
19. Keep your mouth covered as much as possible, to prevent the cold from entering your body and lowering body core temperature.
20. Know the signs for hypothermia and frostbite, and continuously monitor yourself and your companions.